The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has flight-tested a flush airdata sensing (FADS) system on the Hyper-X Research Vehicle (X-43A) at hypersonic speeds during the course of two successful flights. For this series of tests, the FADS system was calibrated to operate between Mach 3 and Mach 8, and flight test data was collected between Mach 1 and Mach 10. The FADS system acquired pressure data from surface-mounted ports and generated a real-time angle-of-attack (alpha) estimate on board the X-43A. The collected data were primarily intended to evaluate the FADS system performance, and the estimated alpha was used by the flight control algorithms on the X-43A for only a portion of the first successful flight. This paper provides an overview of the FADS system and alpha estimation algorithms, presents the in-flight alpha estimation algorithm performance, and provides comparisons to wind tunnel results and theory. Results indicate that the FADS system adequately estimated the alpha of the vehicle during the hypersonic portions of the two flights.